A hemorrhoid is a condition wherein the veins around your anus, or lower rectum, are swollen and inflamed. You can experience hemorrhoids inside your anus or under the skin around your anus.
Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women, like 50% of the population have them by age 50. For most women, hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy are usually only a temporary issue.
Hemorrhoids are usually caused by:
Hemorrhoids typically are not dangerous or life threatening. In fact, hemorrhoidal symptoms usually go away in a couple of days.
The most common sign of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood covering your stool, on your toilet paper, or in your toilet bowl. These internal hemorrhoids may protrude to the outside through your anus, which causes them to become irritated and painful. This is what’s called a protruding hemorrhoid.
Symptoms of external hemorrhoids may include painful swelling or a hard lump around the anus as a result of a formed blood clot. Excessive straining, rubbing or cleaning around your anus may cause irritation with bleeding and/or itching, so don’t do it.
Self-help natural measures for reducing your hemorrhoids painfully itchy symptoms include:
- chamomile ointment
- tub baths in plain, warm water for about 10 minutes
- application of a hemorrhoidal cream or suppository to the affected area
In severe cases, hemorrhoids require medical treatment. Methods are used to shrink and destroy “out of control” hemorrhoidal tissue. No relief from creams or suppository within a few days, see your doctor for evaluation.
One of the best ways to prevent a major cause of hemorrhoids is to keep your stools soft so they pass readily. Exercise and increased fiber in your diet helps reduce the constipation caused strained bowel movement.
Also, when the urge hits, make it happen as soon as possible. And don’t sit on cold, hard surfaces!