Vascular disease is any health condition that causes an effect on your circulatory system. Your circulatory system is composed of arteries, veins, capillaries and lymph vessels.
Arteries move oxygenated blood to your tissue. Veins carry oxygen depleted blood to your lungs. Capillaries are the tiny vessels in between them. And lymph vessels transport lymphatic fluid and white blood cells through your lymphatic system.
The beginnings of many vascular problems are generally caused by a hardening, blockage or breakage of your blood or lymph hauling vessels. Vascular diseases stemming from one of these flowing concerns are common. And often very serious.
Some of the vascular diseases that involve the miles of vessels networked throughout your body are:
- stroke, TIAs
- varicose veins
- carotid stenosis
- aortic dissection
- giant cell arteritis
- vascular dementia
- Buerger’s Disease
- Raynaud’s disease
- polyarteritis nodosa
- pulmonary embolism
- deep vein thrombosis
- carotid artery disease
- cardiovascular disease
- cerebrovascular disease
- blood vessel hemorrhage
- diabetic vascular disease
- peripheral vascular disease
One of the symptoms of hardening, blockage or breakage vascular disease is pain. This pain is felt when there’s any interruption of blood flow to your tissues, organs or nerves. Other symptoms, with or without pain, include:
- cold intolerance
- exercise intolerance
A vascular disease can also cause gangrene, which occurs when an area loses its blood supply, typically caused a vessel that hardens, breaks or gets blocked. And sometimes amputation is necessary to keep it from spreading.
Vascular disease tends to strike as you get older. Yet, there are other risk factors for vascular disease, such as:
- family history
- cold exposure
- kidney disease
- high cholesterol
- sitting, standing still too long
And you’ll be more susceptible to frostbite if you suffer a vascular disease that decreases blood flow to your skin.
Basic treatment of vascular disease include medications, angioplasty or bypass surgery. Angioplasty reduces or eliminates vessel blockages. Bypass surgery uses a healthy blood vessel to runaround a blocked vessel.
Medications used to treat some vascular diseases involve:
Weight loss, healthy nutrition and regular exercise all help with treating or preventing your hardening, blockage or breakage symptoms that may cause vascular disease.