A rash is irritated or swollen skin area which may be a symptom, or reaction to, many different conditions, diseases, irritating substances, allergies or your genetics.
Dermatitis or eczema are the technical terms for inflammation of the skin, which manifest in numerous ways, like:
Atopic and contact dermatitis are the two most common types of skin inflammation.
Contact dermatitis causes a skin reaction where you touch an irritant or something you are allergic to. Common allergic contact dermatitis sources for reaction include:
Substances that can cause skin to become irritated include:
Skin’s resulting rash differs between allergic and irritant reactions. For allergic contact dermatitis expect:
- red skin
- facial swelling
- intense itching
- non contagious oozing blisters
Irritant contact dermatitis:
- skin cracks
- mild swelling
- painful ulcers
- skin feels tight and dry
Patch tests can be performed to determine sources of eczema skin allergies, but no tests for irritants. Avoid contact with any substance that caused a previous itchy, dry, bumpy, or scaly rashy reaction.
Also, know what poison oak and ivy plants look like and wear gloves to prevent blisters while working with chemicals.
Common treatments for contact dermatitis include:
- cortisone creams
- dry skin lotions and creams
- oatmeal bath for itching relief
Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that is inherited, chronic and cannot be cured. Usually it appears in infants which can diminish around age 2, but potentially flaring up throughout their lifetime.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis in infants are patches of skin that are:
- very itchy
- worsens when scratched
- cheek rash ~ 2 to 6 months
Treatments of prescription corticosteroid creams and antihistamines are very effectual for lessening itchy and dry skin irritation. Additionally, some self help measures can reduce skin rash aggravation by:
- wear cotton only
- do not rub nor scratch rash
- moisturizer skin several times a day
- apply lotion after bathing when skin is moist
- use mild laundry soap and rinse clothes thoroughly
- maintain warm humid environment conditions ~ humidifier
- use lukewarm water when bathing ~ hot water can dry out skin
Always remember that if you scratch a rash, it may take longer to heal.