Pericarditis Pericardial Sac Inflammation Causes Sharp Chest Pain Symptoms

Pericarditis is an inflammation of the dual layered thin sac that lines your heart, known as the pericardial sac or pericardium. Pericardial sac inflammation often occurs on the heals of an upper respiratory infection.

The most common symptom of paricarditis is sharp chest pain. The sharpness of the pain may worsen with a deep breath or when lying down. While, leaning forward may offer some relief of the pain in your chest.

Other symptoms that can be caused by pericarditis include:

Infection symptoms are often involved because pericarditis is usually a complication of a viral infection, notably:

Although, bacterial and fungal infections can sometimes lead to inflammation of your pericardial sac as well, i.e. rhuematic fever, tuberculosis.

In some cases, pericarditis is caused by other health conditions, such as:

Drug side effect of immunosuppressant and radiation therapy to your chest may also give rise to pericardial sac inflammation.

Standard treatment is usually taking OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers, for instance ibuprofen, aspirin and acetaminophen. Antibiotics are not prescribed unless a bacterial infection is the likely cause of your sharp chest pain pericardium inflammation.

Pericarditis typically clears up on own within a month or so. However, if your inflammation is to such an extent that it causes a heart functioning issue, then pericardial sac fluid drainage may be required.

Pericarditis can be chronic or recur. And pleurisy might accompany your sharp chest pain causing pericarditis.