Many Causes for Nephrotic Syndrome Proteinuria, Edema, Ascites Symptoms, Nephrosis Treatment

Are your feet swollen and is your urine foamy? Two classic symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome, aka nephrosis, means you have leaky glomeruli, which causes a specific combination of symptoms. Glomeruli are tiny blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water out of blood and into urine. The suggestive symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are proteinuriaedema and ascites.

Under healthy conditions, glomeruli prevent the passage of protein with the waste. When damaged, these vessels function ineffectively to stop protein, mainly albumin, from crossing into your ureters. And the protein loss is substantial.

Albumin is what holds fluid in your bloodstream. So when it is too low because it was excreted out with your urine, swelling occurs. Facial swelling, swollen feet and ankles are particularly noticeable in the case of nephrosis.

There are many causes for nephrotic syndrome symptoms to occur. Minimal change disease is the primary instigator for children. Whereas, glomerulonephritis is the main causer in adults.

Yet, many other health conditions can cause glomerular damage, which leads to nephrotic syndrome, like:

For some cases, a bacteria infection or another infection may immediately proceed the onset of nephrosis proteinuria, edema and ascites symptoms, such as:

A drug reaction or exposure can bring on the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, including NSAIDs, lithium, heroine, interferon, pamidronate (a bisphosphonate), penicillamine (chelating agent), gold and mercury.

Additional symptoms indicative of this kidney problem causing nephrotic syndrome are:

In time, the protein you’ve lost will cause malnutrition. Hair and nails become brittle, bones weaken and break easily, and you’ll begin to come up short with nutrients as well, for instance sugar, potassium and calcium.

Some possible complications that may accompany your nephrosis are:

Nephrosis treatment involves relieving symptoms, preventing complications and delaying further kidney damage. Nephrotic syndrome’s proteinuria, edema and ascites symptoms typically improve once the underlying health condition or cause is treated or brought under control.

Depending on the particular cause of your leaky glomeruli, differeny drugs might be employed to treat nephrosis. Here’s a couple and the purpose for their use:

It may be recommended that you change certain aspects of your diet to help reduce the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome, for example:

  • restriction on fluid intake
  • eat a low-salt diet to combat edema
  • low protein diet may or may not be useful
  • reduce fat & cholesterol consumption to help control cholesterol
  • vitamin D, calcium supplements if nephrotic syndrome is chronic & unresponsive