Glucose is your body’s primary source of energy. And it’s only in the presence of insulin that your cells are able to use glucose to generate energy.
Under normal conditions, an ample amount of natural insulin is offered to maintain a healthy level of energy. However, there are two types of health predicaments that create an issue for which natural insulin falls short for energy requirements.
One is known as type 1 diabetes, wherein the islet cells degenerate to such an extent that it causes a shortage of natural insulin. An autoimmune disease is believed to be the mechanism for which islet cell are destroyed. Suspected triggers for this natural insulin production loss are genetic susceptibility or environmental factor, such as a virus.
The other reason for natural insulin to come up short in support of healthy energy is when the cells in your body fail to respond to it as they should. This is what’s known as type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance.
In either ineffectual natural insulin circumstance, you are left with high blood sugar levels. And that can create some health problems, like:
- heart attack
- eye disease
- heart disease
- nerve damage
- kidney disease
- digestive problem
- tooth & gum trouble
The health resolution for diabetes is the introduction of insulin from an external source. Enter insulin therapy, which shoots insulin into your body via various types and methods.
Currently, the source types of insulin are bovine (beef), porcine (pork) and recombinant (human). The types of insulin in relation to action include:
- regular ~ rapid onset, effect lasts 6 – 8 hours
- lispro ~ earliest maximal effect, short duration
- NPH ~ onset of about 2 hours, longer duration of 18 – 26 hours
- lente ~ onset of action after 2 – 4 hours, duration of 18 – 26 hours
Essentially, regular, lispro, NPH and lente types of insulin differ in how quickly they work and for how long.
Presently, insulin is administered for diabetes under your skin and the methods used are injection, pen or pump.
Insulin injection means you’ll give yourself a shot using a needle and syringe. Using insulin pens are typically less painful than an injection and the pen sends a fine spray of insulin through your skin with high-pressure air instead of a needle. Externally worn insulin pump is a lightweight device that gives a continuous, steady flow of insulin through a needle infusion site.
Regardless of whether you use the injection, pen or pump method, you’ll still need to monitor your blood sugar level.
Insulin may cause you side effects, such as:
- blurred vision
- rapid heart rate
- difficulty breathing
- swallowing difficulty
Weight gain is a common unhealthy repercussion for some on insulin.
- feel faint
- pale skin
- nervousness, irritability
- clumsy, jerky movement
- dizziness, lightheadedness
- sudden mood, behavioral changes
- numbness, tingling around mouth
Symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
This is a life threatening situation, so get some health care attention immediately.