Glucose is a primary source of energy for living organisms. You are living, thus it is your primary source of energy. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, occurs when blood levels of glucose drop too low to fuel your body’s activity.
If your body absorbs more glucose than it needs at the time, the extra glucose is stored in your liver and muscles in a usable form and is available whenever needed, i.e. for energy between meals. Extra glucose can also be converted to fat and stored in fat cells.
Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood glucose drops too low, and it can happen fast. Some common causes of this drop out are:
- missing a meal
- delaying a meal
- alcohol consumption
- exercising more than usual
- too much diabetes medicine
Sometimes, the medicines you may be taking for other health problems can cause your blood glucose to drop.
Some of the symptoms indicators that you do not have enough glucose in your blood are:
- difficulty speaking
- feeling anxious or weak
- nervousness and shakiness
- dizziness or lightheadedness
Your blood sugar levels can drop while you’re sleeping and during this hypoglycemia state you may:
- night sweats
- cry out/have nightmares
- feel tired, irritable, confused when you wake up
- find that your pajamas or sheets are damp from perspiration
Some lifestyle adjustments to help you prevent or relieve a hypoglycemic episode are:
- exercise regularly
- choose high-fiber foods
- eat small meals and snacks about every 3 hours
- avoid or limit foods high in sugar, especially on an empty stomach
And eat a wide variety of food.