How a sedative and tranquilizer work is via slowing your brain’s activity by depressing the central nervous system. And both can cause euphoria with a calming effect.
Since a sedative or tranquilizer can slow normal brain function, when you first start taking them you’ll likely experience:
- dilated pupils
- slurred speech
- shallow breathing
- lack of coordination
As your body works to adapt, these effects often dissipate. With long term use of sedatives and tranquilizers, tolerance and physical dependency can be expected.
Using a sedative and tranquilizer with other substances, especially alcohol, can slow your heart and respiration to such an extent that death is possible.
The difference between a sedative and tranquilizer is the type of drug used and what it’s used for. But they’re very often referred to interchangeably because the difference in affect and usage is slight.
Not much difference, yet mental alertness might be greater with a tranquilizer.