How Acid Alkaline (Base) Balance in Body Maintained

Overall health and homeostasis is maintained when your body’s fluids are composed of their optimal acid alkaline (base) balance, which differ for various types of fluids. Maintaining acid base balance is a tightly controlled system because just a small change can have profound health consequences.

Basically, enzymes and chemical reactions perform best at a certain pH. So how your body maintains the right acidity or alkalinity environment for any given function is by the use of different mechanisms. Primarily via your lungs, kidneys and chemical buffer system.

The lung mechanism used for preserving the right balance is respiration. Carbon dioxide is mildly acidic. So when it’s exhaled out of your lungs, then your blood’s acidity decreases. Thus, a change in breathing by way of faster, deeper, slower or shallower helps maintain a desirable acid base balance fairly quickly.

Your kidney’s technique for assisting in maintenance of acid alkaline balance is through excretion.They can affect balance by excreting either excess acids or bases.

Your bloodstream’s buffer systems is a process used to guard against sudden shifts in acid and alkaline balance. Your body has its own naturally occurring weak acids and bases, the most important being carbonic acid and bicarbonate ions. These buffers act chemically to resist major changes in acid alkaline balance.

The chemical composition of food in your diet can also have an effect on the body’s acid alkaline production. Components that can affect this balance include protein, chloride, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium.

Acidosis and alkalosis are the terms used to indicate acid base imbalances. Some of the health related causes for your body to get out of balance are:

Whenever your acid base balance is not maintained it may indicate that a serious health problem is afoot. And you can check your own acid alkaline balance by employing pH test strips.