Von Willebrand disease is caused by a low level of a certain protein or that protein doesn’t work right. The protein is referred to as von Willebrand factor, which has a role in your blood clotting equation.
Von Willebrand disease, the most common inherited bleeding disorder, has no cure. Both men and women are afflicted with this disease about equally.
Many cases of von Willeband disease are considered mild. Common symptoms experience by both sexes with this disease are:
Women with von Willebrand disease tend to have heavy bleeding during their menstruation, aka menstrual period.
Most with bruising, nosebleeds and heavy bleeding von Willebrand disease do not take any medication for their nosebleeds, easy bruising or heavy menstrual bleeding symptoms. The more severe cases can be controlled with treatments including:
- clotting factor concentrates given intravenously or injected
- antifibrinolytic medication to stop blood clots from breaking down
- birth control pills works by increasing the amount of clotting factors
- desmopressin acetate, a hormone that makes the body release stored clotting factors, given as a shot or nasal spray
By the way, doctors with special training in bleeding disorders are called hematologists.