Cortisone is natural hormone that’s created and secreted by your adrenal gland. Cortisol and corticosterone are companion hormones, with cortisol being the most potent. Cortisone is easily converted to cortisol in the blood.
Cortisone can also be man made and administered via mouth, inhaled, injected or topical cream. It’s principal medical uses are countering inflammation and allergic reactions.
Your health benefits from synthetic cortisone occurs only after it’s been converted to cortisol in your body. It’s used to treat numerous conditions, like:
- eye conditions
- blood disorders
- allergic reactions
- breathing problems
- autoimmune diseases
- various skin conditions
- immune system problems
- appetite loss, nausea & vomiting caused by chemotherapy
Cortisone injections are shots given to treat inflammation that’s only in a small area or widespread throughout your body. Cortisone shot advantage is their rapid relief action with minimal side effects. Because cortisone injection delivers relief to a given site, it is much more powerful than an anti-inflammatory given by mouth, i.e aspirin, without any stomach irritation.
Some of the health conditions for which cortisone shots are given as inflammation relief treatment are:
- Baker’s cyst
- plantar fasciitis
- reactive arthritis
- psoriatic arthritis
- Morton’s neuroma
- rheumatoid arthritis
- carpal tunnel syndrome
- myofascial pain syndrome
- juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Cortisone injection relief can last for months, or even years. For some, the inflammation may recur or be permanently resolved.
Cortisone shots may not be recommended if:
- have septic arthritis
- take blood thinners, i.e warfarin
- skin infection around injection area
- previous allergic reaction to cortisone
- suffering from an acute injury, i.e. broken bones
Cortisone shots may cause side effects, particularly with high doses or frequent injections, such as:
- moon face
- weight gain
- bruise easily
- nerve damage
- joint infection
- cataract formation
- elevated blood pressure
- tendon weakening, rupture
- injection site skin lightening
- skin atrophy at injection site
After your cortisone shot you might experience an elevation in pain and inflammation for a couple of days. Recommends for relief are rest, ice and NSAIDs.
If you are a diabetic, then monitoring your blood sugar carefully for a couple of days after a shot is crucial because cortisone bloodstream absorption can cause it to elevate.
Cortisone cream is used for temporary relief of various skin conditions, particularly if pruritus is one of its symptoms. Some conditions cortisone cream treatment may help are:
- insect bites
- scalp irritation
- allergic reaction
- lichen sclerosus
- poison ivy, oak, sumac
- red, inflamed skin lesions
- anal itching ~ proctitsis, hemorrhoids
Cortisone cream relieves symptoms of itching, redness and swelling.
And Cushing’s syndrome can result by taking too much synthetic cortisone.