Corns and calluses are often used interchangeably. However, they are very different thick skin conditions.
Corns are small thick skin spots with a hard center. Ordinarily they develop on non weight bearing areas of your feet, commonly the top or side of a toe. And corns can be painful.
Calluses are thick skin areas, typically larger than a corn and frequently build up on foot soles and hand palms. Callus size and shape vary, and are rarely painful.
The cause for your thick skin corn or callus is friction and pressure. This skin thickening is a protective measure to prevent blisters.
The most common cause of corns and calluses is lousy fitting shoes.
If your shoes are too tight or heels are too high, is causes pressure areas. If they’re too loose, the repeated sliding and rubbing creates friction. And a seam or stitch inside the shoe can spawn skin thickening friction as well.
Other causes and factors that contribute to generating a corn or callus include:
- poor fitting socks ~ friction
- not wearing socks ~ friction
- using hand tools ~ repetitive pressure
- not wearing gloves ~ exposes skin to excessive friction
- foot deformities ~ bunions, hammertoe, bone spur causes friction
Eliminating pressure or friction is the best corn removal and callus remover treatment for thick skin. Within a couple of weeks the stoppage your corn or callus hardened skin growth should subside.
Some corn removal and callus remover treatment methods are:
- shoe inserts
- stop wearing shoes that don’t fit
- metal nail file to smooth away built up skin
- moisturize hand & foot to help keep skin soft
- protect skin with corn pads, callus protectors
- use pumice stone to wear down thickened skin
- salicylic acid patch ~ Curad Mediplast, Dr. Scholl’s Corn Removers
- wear polyester-cotton blend socks because keeps moisture away better than all cotton
- treat hand calluses by wearing gloves during friction causing activities ~ gardening, weight lifting
Soaking your hands or feet in warm water softens your corns and calluses for easier removal.
If you have a foot deformity, then you may need to pay a visit to your health care person for a prescribed orthotic to prevent recurring corns or calluses. And if you have diabetes, or any other circulation related condition, consult your doctor about proper corn and callus remover techniques.
Never cut nor shave your corns or calluses, as you may cause exposure for a skin infection. Applying an antibiotic ointment helps remove infection risk when you’ve gone too deep.
And if you can’t wiggle your toes, the shoes are too tight.