Periodontal (gum) diseases range from simple gum inflammation to losing teeth. Bacteria, which is present in your mouth all the time, teams up with mucus and other particles to form a sticky plaque on your teeth.
Tartar is hardened plaque and your toothbrush can’t remove this stuff. Adequate daily care of your teeth can prevent, stop or slow plaque build up. The key infection control steps for tooth loss prevention:
- regular flossing
- 2x daily brushing
- eating a balanced diet
- routine professional cleaning
Beyond inadequate daily dental care, some other factors may be contributing to your plaque and tartar periodontal disease:
- some drugs ~ antidepressants, some heart medicines lessen the flow of saliva
- diabetics ~ higher risk for developing infections, including periodontal disease
- diseases ~ cancer or AIDS and their treatments can also affect the health of gums
- some people are more prone to severe periodontal disease than others – it’s a genetic thing
- stress makes it more difficult for your bodies to fight infection, including periodontal disease
- hormonal changes can make gums more sensitive and make it easier for gingivitis to develop
- smoking is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of tartar caused periodontitis
Symptoms are often not noticeable until the disease is advanced. They include:
The main goal of treatment is to control your infection, and for oral infection control begins at home with adequate daily care of your teeth and gums.
The number and types of other treatment depends on the extent of your gum disease. Get together with a dentist for your treatment beyond the brush.