Excessive bleeding, sometimes referred to as hemorrhaging, can be invisible or visible, rapid or chronic. But whatever the case, excessive blood loss is the most common cause of anemia.
When you excessively bleed, your body extracts water from tissue to keep its blood vessels full. This causes your blood to get diluted and its oxygen carrying capacity to decrease. Your result is symptoms of anemia.
Although, your bone marrow may increase its production of red blood cells to replace the excessive bleeding loss, the process will be limited to the amount of available iron. As such, a cause for iron deficiency anemia.
If your bleeding is excessive due to a quick loss of blood, anemia develops rapidly and symptoms may be severe. Some common causes of rapid excessive bleeding are:
Excessive loss of blood caused by chronic bleeding may occur in different parts of your body and can go unnoticed for a long time. This type of bleeding to an excess is referred to as occult.
Some of the health conditions and other causes for chronic excessive bleeding are:
- HIV infection
- alcohol abuse
- kidney tumors
- bladder tumors
- severe infection
- stomach ulcers
- intestinal polyps
- multiple myeloma
- intestinal cancers
- benzene exposure
- heavy menstruation
- bone marrow failure
- vitamin K deficiency
- liver disease, cirrhosis
- Von Willebrand’s disease
- myelodysplastic syndrome
- hemolytic uremic syndrome
- myeloproliferative syndrome
- postpartum ~ before or after placenta removal
- connective tissue disorders~ Marfan syndrome
Symptoms of excessive bleeding are similar to those of anemia and vary depending on how much and how fast you’ve lost blood. Orthostatic hypotension is a common bleeding excessive symptom of lots of blood lost in a short period.
When the blood loss is slower, bleeding excessive symptoms may cause you:
Some symptoms of intracranial bleeding are severe headache, confusion, stiff neck, decreased consciousness and coma. And excessive bleeding due to alcohol abuse or liver disease may cause additional symptoms of ascites and jaundice.
Basic treatment for bleeding is to find the source and stop it. Emergency stop bleeding treatment may require a red blood cell and/or plasma transfusion. Red blood cells replace what you’ve lost. And plasma because it contains coagulation factors to stop the bleeding when your own isn’t sufficient.