Dyspepsia is used either to denote a group of symptoms caused by some digestive related health condition or as a digestion function problem itself, aka functional dyspepsia. Irrespective of which category the term is used, upset stomach or stomach discomfort is the primary symptom.
Additional complaints falling within dyspepsia cluster of symptoms include:
- chest pain
- early satiation
- abdominal pain
- loss of appetite
- nausea, vomiting
- abdominal distention
These symptoms are often brought on by eating.
Some health conditions that can cause upset stomach symptoms of dyspepsia are:
- peptic ulcer
- liver disease
- viral hepatitis
- celiac disease
- food poisoning
- stomach cancer
- viral gastroenteritis
- intestinal parasites
- gallbladder disease
- bacterial overgrowth
- food intolerance, allergy
- gastrointestinal diseases ~ colitis
Most drugs and MSG can also cause dyspepsia stomach discomfort associated symptoms.
Some disease that seem to have little to do with your digestive tract may also be a cause for your dyspepsia, like:
After other health conditions that could potentially be the cause of your upset stomach dyspepsia are ruled out, then you’ll be given the diagnosis of functional dyspepsia. And this elimination process can be daunting.
A functional disease is a disease in which there is an abnormal function of an organ, in the absence of any other explanation. So, functional dyspepsia is a functional disease that causes digestive problems with no other identifiable abnormality.
The popular belief for the basic cause of functional dyspepsia is that either the muscles or the nerves that control the muscles of your digestive tract are not working right. Malfunctioning nerves can be within the digestive tract itself or nerves of your spinal cord and brain.
Treatment of functional dyspepsia is usually directed at the symptoms, for instance:
- nausea suppressing drugs
- change in diet by consuming smaller, more frequent meals
- avoid high fat food or any food that aggravates your symptoms
- antidepressants if anxiety or depression seem to aggravate symptoms
Treatment of functional dyspepsia is very similar to what’s advised to treat IBS.
Functional dyspepsia is typically a chronic health condition in which your symptoms will fluctuate in frequency and intensity. And why digestive muscles or nerves dysfunction is not clearly understood. With that in mind, functional dyspepsia treatment will likely be a challenge.