Hematemesis is a fancy way of saying you are vomiting blood. Having blood in your vomit is not normal. Therefore, throwing up blood needs to be medically addressed right away.
There are several causes for why you may vomit blood. Small blood vessel tears in your throat or esophagus due to forceful, continuous vomiting commonly results in blood in vomit. Vomiting due to severe stomach flu or too much alcohol are prominent producers of this variety of hematemesis.
Other likely, or not so likely, causes for you to throw up blood, include:
- liver disease
- peptic ulcers
- vomit vigorously
- stomach cancer
- mercury toxicity
- alcoholic hepatitis
- radiation exposure
- prolonged vomiting
- esophageal cancer
- acute hepatic failure
- chronic kidney failure
- analgesic drug side effect
- severe yellow fever infection
- swallowed blood from prior nosebleed
- taking blood thinners ~ warfarin, heparin
Throwing up bright red blood tells you that the bleeding began just before you vomited. If your vomited blood is maroon, dark brown or texturally black, then that thrown up blood has been in your stomach for a while.
Get in touch with your health care professional immediately if you notice blood in your vomit or begin vomiting blood. The cause for your throw up blood hematemesis can be a serious health issue.