Cancer originating in your bone (primary) is extremely rare. Cancer spreading to your bone (metastasize) is more likely.
There are 3 types of primary bone cancer:
- chondrosarcoma - starts in cartilage of bone
- osteosarcoma ~ develops primarily in growing bones
- Ewings sarcoma - begins in bone or its supporting soft tissue
Osteosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma mostly occurs in 10 – 20 year old individuals. Chondrosarcoma is more common in those over 50. Also worth a note, Ewings sarcoma tends to metastasize rapidly.
What causes primary bone cancer is still guess work. However, Ewings sarcoma occasionally is associated with heavy doses of radiation treatment, particularly when received at a young age. And Paget’s disease of bone may increase your risk of osteosarcoma.
Pain in the area of a bone cancer tumor is the main cancer symptom. This bone pain is customarily expounded as a “dull, achy” type discomfort.
Other bone cancer symptoms include:
Cancer in your long bones is the commonplace for bone cancer’s occurrence, like your arm and leg bones.
Bone cancer and bone marrow cancer are two very different types of cancer. Bone marrow generates blood cells from your bone’s soft inner core, and its type of cancers are:
Albeit, some bone marrow cancer symptoms are in common with cancer of bone.
Around 50% of those with cancer develop bone metastasis at some point. The cancers that routinely spread to your bones are:
Your spine bone is the area mostly affected, followed by pelvis, hip, femur and skull.
Treatment of bone cancer depends on the type of cancer causing your bone pain, and its size, stage and location. Tumor removal surgery is the main treatment for cancer in bones, which may be coupled with chemotherapy and radiation.
Advances in cancer treatment allows for a major departure from historical limb amputation treatment.
Dull, achy bone pain is the cornerstone symptom for bone cancer. Should your child complain that their arm or leg hurts for no apparent reason, they really need their bone health checked out ASAP.