Did you put a brush to your teeth this morning and can’t help but notice your post brushing spit is alarmingly red? Cause is likely bleeding gums. But what occasioned your bloody brushing ranges from choice of equipment to a serious medical condition?
The most frequent cause for swollen, red, bleeding gums is gum disease, or periodontal disease. Yep, your red, sore and bleeding gums can be your first sign of diseased gums. Possibly an observable outcome of too much sugar in your diet.
Consider your chosen equipment, aka toothbrush. Bristles too hard or brushing too vigorously might be your cause for gum bleeds. Improper flossing or poor fitting dentures can also give rise to sore, swollen red gums.
Sore, swollen, red, bleeding gums can be a symptom of a serious, and not so serious, medical, health or poor diet condition:
- trench mouth
- aplastic anemia
- Crohn’s disease
- temporal arteritis
- bleeding disorder
- pernicious anemia
- bullous pemphigoid
- vitamin K deficiency
- diabetes~ uncontrolled
- infections ~ tooth or gum
- dengue hemorrhagic fever
- primary thrombocythemia
- myelodysplastic syndrome
- scurvy ~ not enough vitamin C
- congenital platelet function defects
Several classes of medications, especially blood thinners, have bleeding gum side effects. Samples of incendiary gum bleeders:
- chemotherapy drugs
- epilepsy, convulsion, seizure meds
- isotretinoin ~ very bad acne treatment
- immunosuppressants, anti-rejection drugs
- anticoagulants ~ aspirin, Coumadin (warfarin)
- Actitretin, Efalizumab ~ treats severe psoriasis
Although women are inclined to take better care of their oral health, hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstrual cycle and menopause can affect their gum tissue with a bleeding outcome. Specifically:
- menopausal or post-menopausal women may experience dry mouth, sore gums, burning sensation & altered taste
- pregnancy gingivitis ~ swelling, bleeding, redness or tenderness in the gum tissue debuts second or third month of pregnancy, increasing severity during eighth month
- menstruation gingivitis ~ this condition causes bleeding gums, bright red, swollen gums & sores on the inside of your cheek; experienced just before your period & typically clears on commencement
The spitting habit of chewing smokeless tobacco is a notorious instigator for bleeding, red, swollen gums.
Absent a medical condition, stop bleeding gum treatment should focus on oral care and diet. Brush your teeth gently, floss regularly and reducing your consumption of carbohydrate are good starters to stop the blood.
Using commercial mouthwashes can aggravate your red gums problem. Two alternative treatment suggests are mouth rinsing with:
- salt water
- hydrogen peroxide & water
A fundamental treatment for stopping swollen, red, bleeding gums is dietary improvement. And vitamin deficiency correction could start with your next meal. And overweight and malnutrition too often go hand in hand.