Diabetes is all about too much glucose (sugar) built up in your blood. An over abundance of sugar in your blood is a health concern because it causes ‘not feel to good’ symptoms, as well as, long term health consequences.
When the food that you eat is digested, it broken down into various molecular components. One of these is glucose, which is readily absorbed into your bloodstream.
This blood glucose is transported about to be used by every cell in your body for energy and growth. But in order for sugar to enter a cell for these life sustaining functions, insulin must be present.
The insulin hormone transports glucose across your cell’s wall. If it’s not there, or your cells fail to respond to its presence, then glucose is left out in the bloodstream.
Insulin is produced and excreted by your pancreas. So after you eat, a healthy functioning pancreas will automatically produce and excrete the appropriate amount of insulin to get glucose out of the stream and into the cell.
If it was only that simple. Two insulin related issues may arise in this equation. One is not enough insulin. The second is plenty of insulin, but the body improperly responds to it. And in that, lies a major difference.
Although the symptoms are the same in both these diabetes causing situations, the onset of these symptoms and treatment is the life changing question.
There are different types of diabetes and this is their stories.
Type 1 Diabetes, also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disease. In this diabetic instance, the pancreas’ insulin producing cells are the target of an immune system’s attack. The unfortunate outcome is that your pancreas may be left with only the ability to produce a small amount of insulin or none at all.
Thus, type 1 diabetics must provide their bodies with the life sustaining insulin in order to live. If this feat is not mastered, or becomes an impossibility, the ramifications are sickness or death.
Insulin resistance can also occur in people who have type 1 diabetes, especially if they are overweight.
Type 2 Diabetes, aka non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes, is shrouded in the mystery of cause. What is known is that in the presence of abundant insulin, the type 2 diabetes body doesn’t use it properly. This type of diabetes is the most common, and 80% of these sufferers are considered overweight.
Currently, there is a disturbing upward trend of type 2 diabetes being diagnosed in children and adolescents. Largely blamed on improper diet and increased obesity in this age group.
Gestational Diabetes occurs late in pregnancy and usually disappears after giving birth. Women who have this type of diabetes while pregnant have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Juvenile Diabetes refers to the sudden onset of type 1 diabetes in a child.
Diabetes Insipidus is a very different illness from these other forms of diabetes. This condition has to do with how your kidney handles your body’s fluid regulation.
Disruption of a body’s precise regulation of fluid can be caused by:
- damage to the pituitary gland
- defect in the thirst mechanism ~ rare
- kidney issues ~ kidney disease, sickle cell disease, kidney failure
Untreated, or poorly treated, diabetes can induce arduous health consequences, such as:
Sufficiency of treatment in many cases of diabetes is greatly dependent on the individual taking responsibility for management. No magic wand, nor pill, makes it all better. It a lifetime commitment to daily maintenance of your blood glucose levels.
The three leading lifestyle habits that help prevent type 2 or take charge over your diabetes are to get your weight under your control, make exercise part of your daily routine and abide by a health inducing diet protocol.